COVID-19 and Gender Gap in Italy and Japan: Can “Pink Quotas” be the Solution?


  • Francesca Marinelli University of Milan
  • Michela Riminucci Kobe University



Gender Gap, Labour Law, Pink Quotas, COVID-19, Italy, Japan


Despite the significant improvements in terms of gender equality in recent years, numerous gaps – especially, the one related to the labour market – still persist all over the world also due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The present research intends to discuss whether the controversial gender quota systems – introduced in many countries as a form of positive action to foster a more diverse work environment – could face the crisis in order to avoid the loss of decades’ worth of achievements on equality. We chose to compare Italy – which implemented the quote rosa system in 2011 with mixed results – and Japan – which is reviewing its plan to promote women’s development after failing to achieve its objective of having at least 30% of women in leadership positions by 2020 – because both countries were still far from reaching their goals about gender equality and, therefore, in a vulnerable position when the pandemic hit.




How to Cite

Marinelli, F., & Riminucci, M. (2022). COVID-19 and Gender Gap in Italy and Japan: Can “Pink Quotas” be the Solution?. Italian Labour Law E-Journal, 15(2), 71–85.