The On-Demand Work (Mis)classification Judgments in Italy. An Overview


  • Marco Biasi Università degli studi di Milano



Gig Economy, On-demand work, Worker Classification, Italian Judgments, Regulatory perspectives


After a brief recap of the Italian legal framework in matter of employment subordination, the A. analyzes the three Judgments of the Italian Courts concerning the classification of on-demand work. The A. underlines the complexity of the classification of the new forms of work through the traditional criteria of interpretations, but he also criticizes the initiative of the Italian Legislator, which, passing article 2 Decreto Legislativo No. 81/2015, traced a doubtful boundary between the direction of work (still the essence of employment subordination) and the organization of other’s work (a feature which should lead to the application of employment standards without losing the nature of independent contractor). Ultimately, the A. contends that the burden of finding an adequate response to the social needs of on-demand workers cannot be placed (entirely) upon the Courts, since it is a matter of policy (action) at large. Accordingly, he weights and eventually endorses the regulatory trajectory of conferring upon – certainly vulnerable, regardless of their classification as employees or independent contractors – on-demand workers a bundle of selected protections, through a “ad hoc” statute and/or via collective bargaining.




How to Cite

Biasi, M. (2019). The On-Demand Work (Mis)classification Judgments in Italy. An Overview. Italian Labour Law E-Journal, 12(1), 49–64.